A guiding light for conservation activists of Bangalore passes away

Zafar Futehally was deeply concerned about the rapidly developing city of Bangalore, and involved himself with conservation issues, particularly on lakes in the city.

Zafar Futehally, who passed away on 11 August, 2013, was known for the deep interest, knowledge and passion he brought to the fields of bird-watching and conservation. He was 93.

Zafar Saheb, as he was affectionately referred to, was born in 1920 in Mumbai. He was a student of Economics. At the age of 22, he joined his uncle and cousin to run a machinery company. His wife Laeeq is a niece of the incomparable ‘Birdman of India,’ Salim Ali. Zafar and Laeeq had two daughters, Zahida (Zai) and Shama, both of whom became writers. Zafar was soon initiated into birdwatching by Salim Ali.

Zafar Saheb moved to Bangalore from Mumbai in 1973. He lived here until early 2013, before failing health caused him to decide to move back to Mumbai along with Laeeq. One of the last few emails I received from him made this announcement.

Zafar Futehally Pic: Deepa Mohan

Zafar Saheb founded the ‘Newsletter for Birdwatchers’ in 1959. This was a major development in the course of birdwatching in our country. He also went on to become the Honorary Secretary of the Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS), serving until 1973, when he moved to Bangalore.

He gave a series of talks on birds on All India Radio, which were also published on the AIR bulletin. He wrote a column titled ‘A Birdwatcher’s Diary,’ in the Times of India, which ran for about ten years. He edited a book, ‘India Through Her Birds,’ in which he also wrote a chapter.

Conservation activism

Zafar Saheb was not only a bird-watcher; he was an active part of many conservation efforts. In 1965, he became a member of the board of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) meeting in Delhi, and the Vice-President in 1969. He was actively involved in assessing the damage to the Silent Valley area by the proposed dam, and was a member of the steering group on Project Tiger, in its early years. He was involved with the World Wildlife Fund (WWF).

He was also deeply concerned about the rapidly developing city of Bangalore, and continued to write about conservation issues, particularly on lakes in the city. He believed it is possible to work with corporates on conservation.

There was a controversy over the handing over of Hebbal Lake to the Oberoi Group by the Government of Karnataka; several naturalists and environmentalists saw this as a retrograde step, both for birdlife, and as a privatization of public commons. Here is an article by Zafar Saheb about lake ecology in Bangalore.

One of the threads, where another activist explains why the step is not a good one, can be seen here.

Zafar Saheb and other birdwatchers of Bangalore, at the Bangalore Club, 06 Nov 2011. Pic: Deepa Mohan

Tributes from widely varying sources

Dr M B Krishna, a Bangalore-based ornithologist, speaks of Zafar Saheb’s concern for our city and its environment. “If I recollect right, one of the earliest PILs filed for lake conservation in Bangalore had his name, during the time the Koramangala sports complex came up.”

A Bangalore birdwatcher, Priya Ramasubban, has this to say: :”Zafar Futehally had come to Kaikondarahalli  last year. We walked around the lake a bit even though he was well over 91 by then!  He was enthusiastic and encouraging about the community’s work at the lake.  An hour after he left the lake he wrote to a reporter of a major newspaper and cc’d me, telling her that she should do a story about the lake.”

Garima Bhatia, another avid birder, adds: “He was my neighbour in Koramangala. He was always interested in the community activities and appreciative of efforts to take up environmental causes that were close to his heart.”

Ameen Ahmed from Tumkur concurs, and recounts how Zafar Saheb organised annual meets of  the subscribers of Birdwatchers’ Newsletter, ensured that birders from small towns like Tumkur, Hassan, and  Sirsi were also present.

Glenn Kharkhongur, from Meghalaya, writes : “In 1969, I paid for a subscription to the Newsletter for Birdwatchers, a modest amount, but a substantial sacrifice from my meagre pocket money.  Along with the first issue came a personal letter from Zafar, a full typewritten page with encouragement and many tips for birdwatching. For a college boy, this was a special kind of affirmation, and the treasured letter was kept for many years.”

Inspiring birdwatcher

His ‘Newsletter for Birdwatchers’ had articles both of layman interest and scientific observations. A well-known incident in Zafar Saheb’s life is that his publication on the Asian Paradise Flycatcher inspired the poet, Nissim Ezekiel, to write a poem about the bird. The poem can be seen here in its typewritten form.

L Shyamal, who provided me with the link above, praises Zafar Saheb’s ability with people, and his ability at communication. “He was, above all, a generous networker, diplomat and man of letters. In the era before email, when even the telephone was hard to reach…” He reminisces: “Yesterday afternoon after receiving the sad news I passed by the vast grounds of the Army Service Corps campus and remembered a great morning we spent together on those grounds. That was perhaps the last time we saw him in the ‘field’.”

Zafar Saheb’s wit is also attested to, by Shyamal: “He was capable of surprising us with timely gems of wit. He suffered from impaired hearing. In 2000, we had a lucky escape in a road accident and a concussion to the head on landing upside down caused Mr Futehally a brief loss of consciousness. He recounted later that he had hoped for a miraculous recovery in hearing, something that he had read of in an account by an army officer who landed on his head in a horse-riding accident!”

A gentleman, in the old-fashioned meaning of the term, who came to a small town, concerned himself deeply as it expanded into a metropolis, and who left a contribution to the world of natural sciences, in both our city and country… Zafar Futehally, may you guide our steps from your place of everlasting peace.


  1. Nc Mohan says:

    Nice article Deepa, felt like I knew him in person after reading your article. RIP Zafar Saheb.

  2. Deepa Mohan says:

    Thank you, Mohan.

  3. Kanwar B Singh says:

    Nicely written tribute, Deepa. I too have been a reader ‘Newsletter since late 80s and have been, personally, influenced in many ways by his passion for birds and nature.

  4. Deepa Mohan says:

    Thank you for your words of tribute, Kanwar. His influence seems to have reached far and wide.

  5. Deepa Mohan says:

    Thank you Mohan…glad I could paint this quick word-portrait of Zafar Saheb.

  6. Deepa Mohan says:

    Thank you, the ed put that past me again ๐Ÿ™‚ I’ll get it corrected, MBK.

  7. Narasimhan Desikachar says:

    I too have lots and lots of copies of NBWs.which have been a source of reference to me. Once, on a personal visit at his Oakwood apartment, I was really moved when he and Mrs. Futehally spoke about how his brainchild slipped away from his tender arms. I could see pain in their eyes. Wonderful couple!

  8. Deepa Mohan says:

    Thanks for the glimpse, Narasimhan. Yes, I found them full of grace and culture..the old “tameez” that is talked about. ๐Ÿ™‚

  9. JN Prasad says:

    Thank you Deepa for remembering this last meeting with him. We miss him. In fact he was a great source of inspiration to large number of birdwatchers. His post card from Dodda gubbi put me on to the word of Birdwatchers.

  10. Deepa Mohan says:

    My privilege, Prasad…my interaction with experienced birders like you has allowed me to learn more about our feathered friends.

  11. Narasimhan Desikachar says:

    In fact, I did not have an opportunity to meet or listen to Dr. Salim Ali. But I have imteracted with two equally remarkable humanbeings who accompanied Dr. Ali: Mr. S. A. Hussain and Mr. Zafar Futehally,

  12. Deepa Mohan says:

    I tender my apologies for having omitted the name of Murad, Zafar Saheb’s son. An inadvertent, and unfortunate, oversight, that Ashish Chandola pointed out to me.

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