How upper castes have killed tribal merit

A dream brutally, cruelly, unthinkingly cut short by people who were intimidated by her strength, courage and merit - how can we ensure every Dr Payal Tadvi can truly fulfil her potential?

What does it mean to be a doctor? To have a doctor in your family?

For most people in the mainstream of India it is a matter of pride, a status symbol. Maybe a way to earn a lot of money. And of course a way to heal people, at a big hospital in a big city. Maybe open a clinic of your own. Maybe open a hospital of your own (if your parents can afford it). Most doctors in the mainstream prefer not to treat their own family members for various reasons.

I have a doctor in my family. She worked in a government hospital in a small town in TN. Her being a gynaecologist literally meant that all the babies in our family could be birthed there, in the safe space of her care. I was also born under her watchful eye.

Did she gain pride and status? Yes. Though of a different kind than the ones in the city. She is literally called “Doctor Amma” by people in her town and her family. Did she earn a lot of money? Not really. Did she heal people? Hell, yes. She never opened her own clinic or hospital. For her, taking care of those who will never be able to go to a big hospital or clinic of the big city was the greater priority.

This was Dr. Payal Tadvi’s dream too. She wanted to go back to her hometown of Jalgaon and treat her people there.  A dream that was brutally, cruelly, unthinkingly cut short by people who were intimidated by her strength, courage and merit.

Yes, I said merit.

It was her merit that she broke through the shackles of what society had imposed on her. It was her merit that made her parents invest all they had in her, in a way that parents living in mainstream India can never do. It was her right to that merit that is enshrined in the constitution by Dr. Ambedkar that so infuriated the three upper caste women who bullied and harassed her while classmates, seniors and college authorities watched for three whole months and waited for the next inevitable step – her death.

Every tribal, dalit and OBC student has to face this mockery of their merit. What does merit mean? The dictionary says merit means “good” or “worthy”. Everytime we hear our merit – which is earned through the kind of hell-fire that mainstream India will never understand, forget go through – derided, what we hear is – go back to what your worth is, go back to what you are good at. Go back to where your place is. Go back to being toddy tappers. Go back to being fishermen. Go back to being farmhands. Go back to being tanners.

We all go through this psycho-social torture called casteism. Those of us who survive are living ghosts, and those who die, well their ghosts come back to haunt us too.

Maybe I can give you some numbers and statistics? 4 years ago a study of 73 expelled students from IIT Roorkee revealed that out of the 73 students, 31 were from ST category, 23 from SC category, 4 from PD, 8 from OBC & 7 from general category 90.4% students are from the reserved category – Make of that what you will.

In 2014, the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), for the first time, collected data on suicides based on religion and caste groups. That data showed that people from the Scheduled Tribes had the highest suicide rates at 10.4%.

How about this number – Dr. Payal was the first woman in her community to pursue post-graduation. She was the first person in her family to become a doctor. Dr. Payal was from a Scheduled Tribe, her community – the Tadvi Bhils exist in the border areas of Maharashtra, Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh, they converted to Islam when the area was a part of the Faruqi sultanate between 1382-1601. They are a marginal tribal muslim community, marginalised even by mainstream muslims, because they are considered so far away from the idea of the Indian muslim. They hold on strongly to their tribal customs and worship old gods called Hinglaj and Maladi. Charges of Islamophobia are mistakenly being applied to Dr. Tadvi’s case because what she has experienced is untouchability and casteism, not religious bias or bigotry.

Dr. Payal’s brother is a polio patient and her mother is a cancer patient. Her husband has said she dreamt of starting a hospital in Jalgaon for her people. How many mainstream, urban doctors open hospitals in Jalgaon? Forget that, how many of them would have accepted a posting in a remote area like that? How are we going to compensate her people who will now have to start the process of educating yet another person all over again so they can have a doctor?

And how is mainstream Indian society going to treat that doctor? Will you allow her to survive? Or will she too be traumatised and bullied until she finally protests by taking her own life?

Casteism is institutionalised in India’s society, religions, institutions and workplaces. Bullying is the norm in all these spaces. Who should I speak of to convince you sitting in your air-conditioned pigeon hole, that this is the reality? The boy who was called “kaalu” by his classmates for the entire time of his 5 year course? The girl who was mocked for not being able to afford class outings by her own professors? The lady who was asked why she “stole” a general category seat when she could have taken a “reserved seat”? The guy who was mocked with the word “reservation” itself used as a slur? Don’t worry. All of them are still alive. Barely.

The media will of course cover cases that end in death. Because death is shocking in ways that living despite it all, is not. That does not mean that this one case alone has been politicised. All of it is political. All these lives are political.

Every time a Dr. Payal dies, we raise our voices more vociferously in the hope that this is the last such case. This is the last time we lose a doctor. This is the last time we lose a life. And it’s not just the loss of an individual life, this is a loss to the entire Tadvi Bhil community, who was waiting for a doctor to come back and be their healer. Was it naive to hope that after Rohit Vemula, your mainstream civil society would learn, would change, would grow? I guess it was.

Don’t question us on why we politicise the dead. Ask yourself why you don’t politicise the living.

Ask yourself why there are no caste-sensitisation sessions in schools, in colleges, in workplaces. Ask yourself why casteist harassment is brushed under the rug as if it doesn’t matter. Ask yourself why you set up committee upon committee to investigate casteism staffed with people who understand nothing about casteism, having never experienced casteism. Ask yourself why you don’t stop your children when they learn and use casteist slurs like bhand, kameena, chamar, harijan, junglee. Ask yourself why you don’t question your friends and family when they mock people for availing reserved seats that is their constitutional right.

Work with us to dismantle caste hierarchy. Set up anti-caste cells in every institution staffed by people from oppressed communities. Set up safe spaces in your workplace for people to discuss the casteism they have faced. And most importantly work to counter the inbuilt caste bias that you grew up with.

Believe us when we tell you that something you say or do is casteist. Listen to us when we tell you of our experiences. If you are in a position of power at your workplace, stop and punish people immediately when you see they are being casteist harassers.

Look around you, caste is everywhere. And no, you don’t get to be “casteless”. Not until casteism ends.


  1. manjula says:

    Not sure if this article should be in citizen matters. There are literally 1000s of ideological newspapers. The reason I followed CM and a donor too is to find civic solutons. Do not dilute the brand.

    • D Vaakhya says:

      Respectfully, I’m not quite sure what you mean, ma’am. Are you saying the death of a medical student due to institutional bullying in a major city not a civic issue?

      Citizen Matters has covered issues similar to these before. The child molestation cases in Bengaluru’s schools a few years ago come to mind. And this article is proposing concrete solutions, such as anti-caste cells in colleges and raising awareness about caste discrimination. This is surely a good thing for citizens to push for.

      As for ideology, we are all ideological in different ways. Saying we don’t want trees cut in the city to make way for air purifiers is an ideological stance. Saying we want citizens to participate in local governance and not just outsource our decision-making is an ideological stance. This doesn’t make these stances wrong, and neither does advocating for awareness on caste.

      I hope you understand that I’m not trying to pick a fight with you. Online comment systems always end up making comments sound angry. But what I am trying to say is that this article covers an important urban, civic issue. Perhaps it’s not what Citizen Matters usually covers, but it’s good to recognise this as a civic issue.

  2. Jagannath says:

    I completely agree with you on the fact that caste, creed or religion should not come in way of pursuit of education. However it is not only the lower cast that suffers. The potion of caste in education hits everyone, depending on the state and yes, that does include members of upper castes as well. Take Tamil Nadu, for instance, where despite scoring in the high 90’s, a student from the so called “upper community” cannot be guaranteed of a seat or take the cases of religious based institutes where members belonging to a certain community are given less preference. Moreover, almost all students are bound to listen to comments based on caste or religion or state especially when someone is out of their home region. And even members of the upper caste are tainted. Now, the corrective part is probably at the hands of parents and the society that should not encourage such discussions and comments but easier said than done. Probably, the best way out is to have a compulsory army service for a year or two after a certain age so that the focus is more on the nation rather than on discrete caste, creed or religion.

  3. prashant kumar kain says:

    excellent piece. it is a caste ridden society which refuses to introspect and correct itself. there are still such people who will take pride in their caste. simultaneously however are those who will deny its existence. the outcome in both the situation is that it is not put to discussion. caste has been a political question but it has been systematically depoliticized to such an extent that if you talk anything against caste, you will be branded castiest, backward and or with a suspicion of being one of those “low”. it is a reality of this society and denying it will only prolong its existence. how many deaths we have to witness to understand the gravity of the situation. people feel suffocated, bullied, discriminated at various sites. caste is a liability to everyone. this monster has to go from the society and it is our collective efforts that can annihilate this from the society

  4. Sb says:

    People are bullied for different reasons everywhere. In the US secondary schools bullying is becoming a big challenge. You could he bullied by US middle schoolers because you dont wear fashionable attire, or don’t smoke, or don’t have a girlfriend or a boyfriend, or you are gay etc. Students sometimes take their lives when it becomes unbearable.In the workplace one could face aggression because you are not considered part of the pack, or you talk funny, or you are gay, you are a woman, whatever. So how is this story any different. Here the discrimination or harassment happened because of her caste, maybe. Yes,maybe.That can only be surmised, but there is no PROOF that caste was the driving force that led to Dr. Payal’s death. And even if it was, how is it different from harassment or discrimination in all the other places I have described.If Dr. Payal was being harassed,why did she not look for jobs elsewhere. Thousands of people do that when they are harassed at their jobs. It has happened to me even in graduate school in the US. And it is quite common in academia even in America. Read the book “Molecules of emotion”.

    I regret the loss of this outstanding individual and the HUGE loss to her parents and her community. The decks were stacked against her but such is the fate of everybody who is the minority trying to find a place in a world controlled by a dominant group. And that dominant group could be a sexual orientation, or a certain gender, a race, a religion or anything else. I cant see why this sory is being treated differently.

  5. SR says:

    The real reason for discrimination is that reservation of 50% is too much. That on the basis of caste! If the reservation is on basis of financial status it will be acceptable and fair. Mostly persons who are financially as sound as other general category persons are grabbing the reservations.

  6. Vijay says:

    Our reservation system ensures that India never forget the caste system. Look at the marks required for an SC/ST student to get admission in IIT and compare it with the marks required for a general category student. Your ancestors troubled my ancestors is not a valid excuse. When you enjoy unfair advantages people are bound to hate you, either covertly or overtly.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Similar Story

Open letter to Deputy CM: Reconsider BBMP’s proposed restructuring

The letter highlights the key concern of the imminent disempowering of BBMP councillors and Bengaluru coming under state control.

Dear Deputy Chief Minister DK Shivakumar, We write to you to express some concerns that Citizens' Action Forum (CAF) and a significant section of the citizenry have regarding the proposed restructuring of the Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike (BBMP). At the outset, we do believe that there are positives in the concept. However, there are concerns with the process, a few assumptions made, and the lack of details regarding the implementation of such a major decision. Read more: Will restructuring into 10 zones help BBMP? Our concerns are listed as follows: There is an assumption that the principal problem plaguing BBMP’s…

Similar Story

Navigating apartment property legalities: A comprehensive checklist

The third part of the event report on property documentation covers the issues related to Apartment Associations Registration and Laws.

(Citizen Matters, Bengaluru, organised a citizen clinic, 'Decoding property documentation—your guide to sale deeds, khata, EC and more’, where advocate Mithun Gerahalli, who specialises in property law, answered questions regarding property documentation. Part 1 of the three-part event report series covered the legal issues related to property documentation and the due diligence that new buyers should follow. Part 2 dealt with the khata quagmire, Digital Property Ownership Cards (UPOR) and discrepancy between the owner’s claim and the information in the RTC [Record of Rights, Tenancy, and Crops]. Part 3 is about Apartment Associations Registration and Laws) Bengaluru's expansion both horizontally and…