RTO: Licensed to drive you crazy

Inefficiency and creaky official machinery, it seems, are the only paradigms of work ethos in RTOs. Everybody knows it, but little is acknowledged and fewer still are the questions asked.

Forms carefully filled, procedures checked and driving skills sharpened, does one stand a good chance of getting a driving license? Considering the general experience at RTOs, there can never be an answer in the affirmative every time.

That absolutely nobody believes that licenses can be procured without paying bribes is the least of the RTO’s troubles. The department is fogged by confusions regarding procedures and mired in beaurocracy. Touts and agents at every RTO offering free, quick license in exchange for a few hundred rupees are commonplace. When it is not allegations of corruption, it is the irregularities in rules that hound the RTO’s public image. Numerous people have had their patience and conviction put to test by the pillar-post marathons they are made to run in pursuit of illogical NOCs. The dreariest reality is the fact that none of what has been mentioned comes as a surprise to anyone.


Of the nearly two dozen people that were spoken to, most had anecdotes to recite. “No one clears the test the first time” is what Dileep, an engineer with an MNC, was told when he took his driving test. He believes that he was ‘evaluated even before the test’ and duly failed the first time. The second time, after the stipulated one week, he was told that the ‘documents were not ready’, ‘the photograph was not of the right dimensions’ and similar things, each of the following three times he visited the Kormangala RTO. He finally got his DL in May 2007, having applied in February. He says that paying a bribe was not an option he considered, though nobody actually asked for it.

“Go to that counter there…”

RTO License

RTO License

Inefficiency, lame excuses and the devil-may-care attitude (which comes free with the Government Office Experience™) aside, what is unusual about this case is how easily this routine is accepted as a part of beurocracy. Shreenivas, a resident of Maharashtra, was told at the Yeshwantpur RTO that his passport, proof of employment and proof of temporary residence were not sufficient to prove legitimacy for a license in Karnataka (in spite of the rulebook, clearly saying otherwise). The 4-wheeler LL was, after much unpleasant noise, finally passed on the Driving School instructor’s insistence.

Later at the driving test for a 2-wheeler, he was asked why he was riding a vehicle he did not own. “I had borrowed a friend’s two wheeler, and there is no rule that says I can’t drive a borrowed vehicle at the test” he says. Again, the driving instructor intervened and pushed a note the inspector’s way to clear the test. When he applied for an International Driving Permit (IDP) 6 months later, the officials couldn’t comprehend why his Driving License had a Maharashtra address on it. The Yeshwantpur RTO officials demanded a No Objection Certificate (NOC) from the Maharashtra RTO. When contacted, the RTO at his hometown in Maharashtra expressed inability to issue an NOC for a license it had no role in.

When in doubt, go to a Driving School

Time was running out for Shreenivas, and he took the route everybody takes after chasing the proverbial wild geese, but to no avail. The RTO was clearly inconsistent with its rules, and refused to issue him a DL. As his US trip loomed large, Shreenivas approached the Addl. Commissioner of Traffic Police who listened to him patiently, and gave the designated Road Transport Officer at Yeshwantpur a rather good piece of his mind.

Going back to the RTO cleared things up for Shreenivas and understandably, their demeanor changed. Shreenivas was issued a brand new DL bearing the Bangalore address and then an IDP, all in a span of 15 minutes. To cut a long story short, “they were not clear about their own rules and refused to acknowledge their iniquities” says Shreenivas.

“Yes, maybe there was corruption at certain levels a few years ago, but things are very easy now” says a Driving School Instructor, smiling innocuously, when asked if it is indeed difficult to get a license without the aid of agents or schools. While casually questioning people on experiences at RTOs, the most offered suggestion was “Go to a driving school, it’s really simple.” Explain to them that you want to get it done without ‘under-the-table’ (read monetary) transactions and they, well, laugh. “I applied for my license through a driving school too…and I knew how to drive anyway” says one with a telltale smile. “With a driving school, at least, somebody else does the dirty work” says another.

Novel Methods: Enter RTI

Sathish Sundaram discovered that he could transfer his US driving permit to India through a simple test. When he approached the Indiranagar RTO, they would have none of it. The RTO website states that international transfer of Driving Permits requires only a test on rules and signs and no driving proficiency test but the Indiranagar RTO seemed to have a rulebook of their own. He was asked to take a driving test since the US followed a right hand driving system as against left hand driving in India. He admits that the confusing logic was to an extent convincing.

Sathish, a volunteer at Association for India’s Development (AID) an NGO that regularly works with RTI, then filed an RTI application, asking for information on the rules and fee for licensing.

Like the pattern goes, the inspectors did a volte face on encountering the RTI application. Gone was the air of superiority and high-handedness. “His tone was entirely different thereafter” recounts Sathish. They didn’t want to take the application and he was, through a circuitous route, sent to the Assistant RTO. The ARTO offered to help him, checked all the documents and asked Sathish to take the driving test anyway. When Sathish persisted with the RTI application, the RTO cautioned that he would either help him get a DL or accept the application and not both. Sathish settled for the DL, and the ARTO later admitted that it was indeed the RTI application that had gotten them working. His RTI application, though, was not accepted officially.

Worth the effort?

“It was immensely satisfying to get my license processed with RTI’s help” says Sathish Sundaram. It shows how useful an accessory RTI can be, to challenge officials that mislead civilians with cryptic rules.

“The RTOs suffer from a lack of communication, owing to non-digitizing of records. At this rate, people can get a license in every state of India and get away with it!” exclaims Shreenivas.

All of them agree that it takes conviction and perseverance to take the clean route. In Sathish’s case, it’s all thanks to his job which would let him take time out to make repeated visits to RTOs. “To people that will take the same path, I recommend lots of time and patience” says Shreenivas.

Lokayukta – hands tied

On its part, the Lokayukta has commissioned notice boards in all RTOs urging citizens to not give bribes or entertain agents and with contact details of the Lokayukta office for registering complaints.

The frustration is palpable in his tone as a senior Lokayukta official explains that the Lokayukta does not have the powers to conduct investigations unless it receives complaints. He points at how the Lokayukta Santosh Hegde has constantly been demanding Suo Moto powers from the government. “The Upalokayukta can keep various cadres at the lower work levels in check but not beyond. The law allowing for direct investigations up to the chief minister’s level was passed initial
ly but withdrawn after six months” he says.

The Lokayukta has conducted many raids against disproportionate assets but nothing to directly accost errant RTO officials. He pensively expresses disappointment at the people who come forward with complaints initially only to back out later.

This article should not be taken for just another polemic against a government office. But it is almost frightening how nothing about the goings on at RTOs surprises people. The issue is like a carcass buried deep, with no visible signs of it being smelly and unacceptable. Is this because of a society that has subconsciously taken it for granted, or is it resigning to what cannot be changed?

Questions are asked, routinely, about governance, security and infrastructure. But why is all quiet on the RTO front?


Related Articles

The do’s and don’ts of DL and LL


  1. Poornima Dasharathi says:

    I remember an incident while giving a written test for applying a LL. An auto driver, ahead of me, raised his left hand when an officer asked him to show a left turn signal!
    He couldn’t understand why he failed the test since thats the way he was taught in the auto school.
    That was one time I appreciated RTO for not letting loose this auto driver on the streets.

  2. Purnima Coontoor says:

    Droll! Very well written, Siri. You must listen to your alter ego more often 🙂

    I agree with Poornima- The RTO has its moments of redemption… the Kengeri RTO is remarkably free of touts, agents and under-the-table dealings. Things are far more transparent these days.

  3. padmashri rajagopal says:

    Paying your way through to get a license is so routine that we double take-point-gawk when people do it the normal way. The only way to counter this would be to give lokayukta a free hand. Few of us have the patience to file the RTI and follow it through.
    Very informative article for a person like me who has to still step into this hallowed portals.

  4. Shreenivas Iyer says:

    Excellent piece of wokr Siri ! And many thanks for bringing my vivid RTO experience to limelite out here ! Hope it opens up the eyes of our bureaucracy ! Shreenivas iyer! 🙂

  5. Padmalatha Ravi says:

    This is exactly how it was when I first went to get my LL years ago. But recently had a very pleasant experience at the RTO. We had to change our car registration to Karnataka. So we went with much trepidation and some loose change just in case. But to our surprise in just two days we got things done. And no one demanded any money from us!

  6. L.ROBERT LEWIS says:

    In the reply to the PIL on this issue, the department has mentioned the list documents required to be carried by every driver of a motor vehicle, but there is a mention of Tax Card which is now outmoded as lifetime tax is collected and recorded in the booklet of Registration.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Similar Story

Road safety: Accidents continue, measures inadequate

The infuriating hit and run Porsche case in Pune, is still on people’s minds, and now another case of hit an run, this time in Mumbai’s Worli, hit headlines, raising serious questions about road safety. Mihir Shah, son of a Shiv Sena (Eknath Shinde) leader, is accused of hitting a couple on a scooter and dragging the wife on the bonnet of the car instead of stopping the car, resulting in her death. He has been arrested and sent to judicial custody. Victim’s husband, on a video, said that if the driver of the vehicle had stopped the car, his…

Similar Story

Train travails at Chennai Central signal dire need to solve overcrowding

Overcrowding in trains bound from Chennai to faraway places points to an urgent need for additional trains to ease the rush.

Last month, news reports emerged of ticketed passengers stranded at Chennai Central railway station. They carried bonafide tickets for seats on a train bound for Howrah, but discovered that unauthorised travellers had occupied their coaches; it is said that people began to board the train even as the railcars were entering the platform so that the sleeper coaches were full by the time they made a stop at the station. According to a report in The Hindu, ticketless passengers had not only overrun the reserved coaches but also blocked walkways with their luggage, making it impossible for those who had…